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“Johan Cruyff painted the chapel, [and] Barcelona coaches since merely restore or improve it” – Pep Guardiola It is rare to find great players who later became successful managers. Legends like Maradona, Stoichkov, Paul Ince and Tony Adams were phenomenal players, but floundered in the managerial careers. On the other hand, managers like Sir Alex Ferguson, Mourinho and Villa-Boas were relative unknowns until guiding their clubs: Man Utd, Inter, Real Madrid to glory. An anomaly to this generalization - the man himself - Hendrik Johannes Cruijff. Cruyff was the most famous exponent of the football philosophy known as Total Football explored by Rinus Michels, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in football history. At Barça, Cruyff brought in players such as Pep Guardiola, José Mari Bakero, Txiki Begiristain, Andoni Goikoetxea, Ronald Koeman, Michael Laudrup, Romário, Gheorghe Hagi and Hristo Stoichkov. With Cruyff, Barça experienced a glorious era. In the space of five years (1989–1994), he led the club to four European finals (two European Cup Winners' Cup finals and two European Cup/UEFA Champions League finals). Cruyff's track record includes one European Cup, four Liga championships, one Cup Winners' Cup, one Copa del Rey and four Supercopa de España. Let's get into how this wonderful tactic worked... The 14 Rules To understand this tactic, we must understand the principles behind it. These are the "14 commandments" Cruyff laid out in this tactical philosophy: 1) Team player – 'To accomplish things, you have to do them together.'; 2) Responsibility – 'Take care of things as if they were your own.'; 3) Respect – 'Respect one another.'; 4) Integration – 'Involve others in your activities.'; 5) Initiative – 'Dare to try something new.'; 6) Coaching – 'Always help each other within a team.'; 7) Personality – 'Be yourself.'; 8) Social involvement – 'Interaction is crucial, both in sport and in life.'; 9) Technique – 'Know the basics.'; 10) Tactics – 'Know what to do.'; 11) Development – 'Sport strengthens body and soul.'; 12) Learning – 'Try to learn something new every day.'; 13) Play together – 'An essential part of any game.'; 14) Creativity – 'Bring beauty to the sport.' To sum up, Proactiveness Complete players who are both technically adept and shows an intelligent approach Attacking and defending as one (fluidity) Possession Being creative Structure, shape, mentality In theory, this is how they lined up: Credits to https://spielverlagerung.de/ . A logical deduction would be that the formation in FM18 would be a 3-5-1-1. Player roles and instructions Sweeper Keeper (Support): Distribute the ball to Playmaker, Distribute Quickly Central Defender (Defend): N/A Libero (Support): Dribble More, More Direct Passes Central Defender (Defend): N/A Right Winger (Attack): N/A Central Midfielder (Support): Hold Position, Pass it Shorter, Fewer Risky Passes Deep-lying Playmaker (Defend): Close down less Mezzala (Support): Dribble more, Run wide with Ball, More Direct Passes Left Inverted Winger (Attack): Roam from position, Sit Narrower Attacking Midfielder (Attack): Hold up Ball, Roam from Position, Move into Channels, Run wide with Ball False Nine (Support): Roam from position What were some of the reasons for choosing these roles? From the article http://spielverlagerung.com/2016/03/25/retro-analysis-1992-european-cup-final-barcelona-10-sampdoria/ : "Laudrup who acted in many ways as a false 9." "Salinas played particularly close to the right touchline." "Bakero moved away from his no. 10 space and commonly drifted forwards and towards the right half-space." "Juan Carlos consistently moved towards the left touchline." "Eusebio acted as more of a standard 8 on the right." "Koeman was the central of defence and showed great ball-playing ability in a libero role." Average team position - with a 3-4-3 formation and a midfield diamond - (& the no.10 drifting wide) Resources https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5ltG4Te48w https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7NZ0byEyeOA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RNMeMa2OuI0 http://spielverlagerung.com/2016/03/25/retro-analysis-1992-european-cup-final-barcelona-10-sampdoria/ Inverting The Pyramid: The History of Soccer Tactics To end off, here are some inspirational quotes by the man himself: RIP Johan Cruyff (1947 - 2016) But his legacy is remembered, with the likes of Guardiola, Enrique & now Valverde continuing his sacred work at Barcelona, maintaining & evolving the chapel he built! FIN "Goodbye ... and Goodnight!" Done by @goqs06, based on this thread here: https://community.sigames.com/topic/431392-vote-for-tactical-replications-part-2-round-2/
Few weeks ago I have started a new save with Ajax, trying to replicate the style that Peter Bosz has brought to the young team. I have been playing two seasons now with quite some game fun and success (2 x league champions, 1 x semi-final UEL and in the 2nd season winners of the UEL), however until the recent european matches of Ajax I wasn't quite sure if that high pressing style would also work in real life - but we have seen it can work Total Football in a new realistic way. Therefore I wanted to share my attempt that worked quite well for me. Formation: On paper the typical Ajax formation is a 4-3-3, with a defensive midfielder/controller (a number 6) in front of the back-four and strong focus on wing-play. In ball-posession this quickly becomes a 1-2-3-2-3 (including the goalkeeper), given you 5 lines of players with lots 'diamond' options to pass the ball around. Tactics: The tactics below i am using gets me closest to the Ajax way of playing a setup. Even though Ajax is playing with an Advanced Playmaker (Ziyech) and BtB midfielder (Klaassen), it did not work well for me as these specialist roles were defensively not working out in the transition from ball possession to ball loss. But in the player descriptions below i will try to explain the work arounds i have found for this. More info on this specialist role in combination with Very Fluid mentality can be found here: https://community.sigames.com/topic/295001-how-to-play-fm-a-twelve-step-guide/ Team Instructions I let my team train on these 2 different team instructions: Mentality - Standard / Contain: here im using a less attacking mentality than expected and go for Standard in 'easy' matches, and even tone it down to 'Contain' in tough away games. This does not mean the team is playing defensive football! In contrary i must say, because the player roles are attacking minded the players have a natural tendency to think attacking - having a contain mentality just makes them think more realistic on how to attack, which is where the 'realistic total football' comes out and play! Whats very important to add is that I increase the tempo when i bring the mentality back from Standard to Contain. The reason was mentioned by Johan Cruyff itself, as he found that the best way to come out of pressure from your opponent is to increase the tempo of playing the ball around. Shape - Very Fluid: To make sure the 5 lines play as closes as possible together its obvious that a Very Fluid team shape is the best way to go. Also this shape gets you closest to the concept of total football when pressure has to be put on the opposite players by 4-5 players together. Width - Fairly Narrow: A narrow width makes it easier for the players to return to their defensive position and help each other in hunting the opposition down, making sure they get pressured. It will make the closing down more effective, but also give you better pass completion - especially with the higher tempo very useful. Push Higher up + Offside trap: On max to make the closing down work best Closing down much more: Again on the fullest, only in matches where im already ahead or can see the players are extremely tired i'll scale back Prevent short GK distr.: To put more pressure on the opposition Marking: I leave this off as man-marking makes the defensive vulrenable, but its crucial the defenders and midfield players have decent positioning stats to make it work Get stuck in: Only applied against much stronger opponents (but important to ease of tackling in player instructions once a player gets yellow) Play out of defence: Experienced this works better as it avoids stupid passes from defenders into space. Important though that the defenders have a good composure and passing skills to avoid them getting harassed and loose ball. Pass into space: With inside forwards or wingers luring at the back of the defenders this is a very useful instruction. Only in case the opposition has placed the bus in front of the goal i sometimes remove it to avoid loosing ball too much. Short passing: On short because of the high tempo. Retain possession: When start the match I have this ticked to get the control, when the match is still 0-0 at 60 mins and im having the overhand i'll tick this off to increase tempo and take some more risks Be more expressive: This makes your matches great to watch, as it give your players the ability to use their flair and instinct. I feel that when playing with Ajax this is a must and it helps them to do some unexpected things (and i havent experienced negative sides of this instruction) Work ball into box: In this tactic you will already get a vast amount of chances, therefore i found that it decreases the amount of wasted chances significant by having this ticked. Occasionally i will also use Look for Overlap if im the better team and it helps to overload the opposition defence. Whipped crosses: With the striker and two attacking midfielders often making forward runs it works well with whipped crosses where the ball comes in with more power and curl. Roam from positions: Making the attacks more unpredictable, and again didnt see any negatives occuring when having this on. Players and Positions / Instructions For my first team I have set some requirements on the attribute i think are crucial to make this tactic work best. Im therefore selection the first squad members on the following 14 (whats in a number) key attributes: Technique, Passing, First Touch, Composure, Anticipation, Decisions, Vision, Off The Ball, Positioning, Work Rate, Teamwork, Agility, Acceleration and Determination. I have therefore setup a squad view to help getting a good view on the strengths and weaknesses of the team, and im working with some minimums I require from the players to have. On the player positions I found the following to work best and coherent with each other: SK (S): With the high defensive line a Sweeper Keeper is a must to pick up some dangerous through balls. WB (S): The wingback is best role to make sure the backs push higher up, support the midfield and make sure the wingers are covered. I don't have them overlapping or on attack duty as it becomes very vulnerable and also i want the wingers / inside forwards to dribble and attack as they are more equipped. Additional PI: Cross from the deep BPD (D): Ball-playing as they dare to play directly to wingers, who can then come easily in a one-2-one situation against the opposite back. Additional PI: Dribble more, only if the stats are allowing, but it can help pushing the team further up when the BPD dribbles forward with the ball. DLP (S): The only 'specialist' role, but after testing all roles this one gives the best balance. Only thing im not satisfied with is that he still drops in between the two central defenders from time to time. Im learning each DLP to have 'Gets into opposition area' as preferred move, to give them a push forward. CM (A) (right): On the right sided CM I'm applying a more box-2-box midfielder approach, meaning i take a player with high work rate, teamwork, stamina and positioning. CM (A) (left): After trying the Advanced Playmaker i found that CM (A) actually works better in this setup with very fluid and more expressive team instructions. However to replicate some of the playmaker traits I have 'Dribble more' and 'More risky passes' ticked. W / IF (S): Wingers or inside forwards are crucial in this system (i prefer wingers to avoid cluttering the penalty box). I always choose players with high stats on Dribbling, Acceleration and Crossing. But very important also that they have decent Teamwork and Work Rate stats as the pressure push starts often with them. The Support duty is on as I experienced that this makes them less go into stupid dribbling attempts, trying to pass 3 or 4 players. I have ticked 'Get Further Forward' to get them in more advanced positions (which they lack a bit when they are not on attack duty) DLF (S): I found this role give the best balance of the striker spearheading the attack and dropping slightly deeper, dragging out defenders and making gaps for wingers or the midfielders coming in. Opposition Instructions: Maybe not the first thing to think of when making a winning tactic, but during the first season I found that tweaking did might be the missing link. Currently i have closing down on 'always' for all opposition defenders and defensive midfielders, as this puts the immediate pressure on them when my team looses the ball. When doing this on the whole opposition team I found that it caused some unwanted gaps due to defenders running out of position and through balls where too easy. With Closing Down More ticked in the Team Instruction your team already hassles opponents when they come on your half - therefore adding it to do so on opposite midfielders and attackers becomes too much. This is where the 'realistic' part kicks in, in the total football Training: In pre-season on max 50% match-training focussed on Match Tactics, to get the team familiar with this tactic as fast as possible. After that I switch between Attacking movement or Defensive positioning depending on the advice of the AM. General training I rotate during the season between Attacking (40%), Tactical (30%), Fitness (20%) and Ball-Control (10%). Results with Ajax: 1st season: 1 x Dutch Premier Division, Semi-Final UEL 2nd season: 1 x Dutch Premier Division, Winners UEL Highlights: UEL final against Arsenal, they did not stand a chance.. a great victory in the UEL away against Napoli (1-5!) Another great away win, as this tactic works very well in away games when getting some more space Last league standing, played the last 2 games with youth and lost unfortunately. Download links: Standard: http://www.mediafire.com/file/5ddp025ij77bh14/4-3-3_VM_Narrow_B9A19FDB-0129-459A-8D81-48DCA16E51B4.fmf Contain: http://www.mediafire.com/file/k8phgsqyn172i84/4-3-3_VM_Narrow_-_Contain_57E953EA-FB0A-40E9-8348-8831E7957EE0.fmf
Hi, I have a question about how to make a player press correctly, without leaving other gaps open. Since i was facinated by Ö-zil to the Arsenal! 's topic about cruyff's 3-4-3 i tried to implement this to a certain degree in my save. This is my formation Im playing Belgian D2 Antwerp. They are far away from beeing a good team, but with some adjustments here and there, i was actually able to get good results and football with them whilst using this system. One of the problems that i am having tough is that i don't really know how to effectively set up a decent pressing system. O-zil has 'pressing much more' and 'push-up even more' as TS. Wich i use to. The players, however don't seem to know who to press or when to follow. Because of the high d-line, i do get some trough ball goals. But i find that if i effectively press there midfield, these trough passes are reduced to an acceptable number. So i have to put on high pressing and short marking for my midfielders. But this makes them leave position to press certain areas, leaving other ones open. Like the image below. Here, you see my 3 central midfielders all trying to press the same player. Totally neglecting the threat behind them. The yellow circle. ALso, you see my right central defender and right winger not paying attention to the LW making a run. Since i have my CD on cover duty. The off-side line is still some way. Next you see the opposition AMC in possesion turning towards the LW. My right CD is moving up to push him, failing to cover the real threat, the LW. Now my Right winger starts noticing there is a huge danger developing. But since he is not usain Bolt, he will never catch him. This is the end result of this feast of wrong movement and bad pressing. Garcia has acres of space to finally score the goal. I know I could take off the cover duty for my CD. But i think this wont change the 'pressing' problem. Can anyone give me any pointers to adjust this problem? It could be possision, TI's, PI's, or just attributes.. Any help is more then welcome!